By Himanshu Nainani Jun 25, A Spanish writer, poet and philosopher, who himself became a revolution of Spanish literature and language. His contribution towards Spanish literary was so impactful that people started calling the language as La lengua de Cervantes The language of Cervantes.
The Spanish writer died more than years ago. Why does he still deserve attention? Soldier and slave That same year he left Spain for Italy. In any event, in going to Italy Cervantes was doing what many young Spaniards of the time did to further their careers in one way or another.
It seems that for a time he served as chamberlain in the household of Cardinal Giulio Acquaviva in Rome. However, by he had enlisted as a soldier in a Spanish infantry regiment stationed in Naplesthen a possession of the Spanish crown.
He was there for about a year before he saw active service. A confrontation between the Turkish fleet and the naval forces of Venicethe papacyand Spain was inevitable. In mid-September Cervantes sailed on board the Marquesa, part of the large fleet under the command of Don Juan de Austria that engaged the enemy on October 7 in the Gulf of Lepanto near Corinth.
The fierce battle ended in a crushing defeat for the Turks that was ultimately to break their control of the Mediterranean.
Though stricken with a fever, he refused to stay below and joined the thick of the fighting. He received two gunshot wounds in the chest, and a third rendered his left hand useless for the rest of his life.
He always looked back on his conduct in the battle with pride.
He must also, when opportunity offered, have been familiarizing himself with Italian literature. Perhaps with a recommendation for promotion to the rank of captain, more likely just leaving the army, he set sail for Spain in September with letters of commendation to the king from the duque de Sessa and Don Juan himself.
On this voyage his ship was attacked and captured by Barbary piratesand Cervantes, together with his brother Rodrigo, was sold into slavery in Algiersthe centre of the Christian slave traffic in the Muslim world. The letters he carried magnified his importance in the eyes of his captors.
This had the effect of raising his ransom price, and thus prolonging his captivity, while also, it appears, protecting his person from punishment by death, mutilation, or torture when his four daring bids to escape were frustrated.
At least two contemporary records of the life led by Christian captives in Algiers at this time mention Cervantes. He clearly made a name for himself for courage and leadership among the captive community.
Civil servant and writer Back in Spain, Cervantes spent most of the rest of his life in a manner that contrasted entirely with his decade of action and danger. He would be constantly short of money and in tedious and exacting employment; it would be 25 years before he scored a major literary success with Don Quixote.
On his return home he found that prices had risen and the standard of living for many, particularly those of the middle class, including his family, had fallen. The euphoria of Lepanto was a thing of the past.
The most he succeeded in acquiring was a brief appointment as royal messenger to OranAlgeria, in Miguel de Cervantes, c. Late in he married Catalina de Salazar y Palacios, 18 years his junior. She had a small property in the village of Esquivias in La Mancha. Little is known about their emotional relationship.
Neither is there any special reason to suppose that Catalina was an inspiration or a model for characters in the poetry Cervantes was now writing or in his first published fictionLa Galatea ; Galatea: A Pastoral Romancein the newly fashionable genre of the pastoral romance.
The publisher, Blas de Robles, paid him 1, reales for it, a good price for a first book. The dedication of the work to Ascanio Colonna, a friend of Acquaviva, was a bid for patronage that does not seem to have been productive.
La Galatea breaks off in mid-narrative; judging by his repeatedly expressed hopes of writing a sequel, Cervantes evidently maintained a lasting fondness for the work.
Cervantes also turned his hand to the writing of drama at this time, the early dawn of the Golden Age of the Spanish theatre.
Many years afterward he claimed to have written 20 or 30 plays in this period, which, he noted, were received by the public without being booed off the stage or having the actors pelted with vegetables. The number is vague; only two certainly survive from this time, the historical tragedy of La Numancia s; Numantia: Fixed theatre sites were just becoming established in the major cities of Spain, and there was an expanding market geared to satisfying the demands of a public ever more hungry for entertainment.
Lope de Vega was about to respond to the call, stamping his personal imprint on the Spanish comedia and rendering all earlier drama, including that of Cervantes, old-fashioned or inadequate by comparison.Cervantes, Miguel de (–) Spanish novelist, poet, and dramatist.
Cervantes published two volumes of his masterpiece Don Quixote de la Mancha (, ). Don Quixote is a great archetype of Western fiction; the picaresque hero who misapplies the logic of .
an American novelist and artist active in the first half of the twentieth century. Born in Chicago, Illinois, he graduated from Harvard College in Best known for his U.S.A.
trilogy, which consists of the novels The 42nd Parallel (), () and The Big Money (). Spanish mystic and poet (), a Doctor of the Church, who was born Juan de Yepes.
Along with his spiritual mentor St. Theresa of Avila, he was a founder of the Discalced Carmelites, a Catholic mendicant order that devotes itself to a life of prayer. The Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes, the largest digital archive of Spanish-language historical and literary works in the world, is named after the author.
References in other works [ edit ] Don Quixote has been the subject of a . Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra was a Spanish novelist, poet, and playwright. His novel Don Quixote is often considered his magnum opus, as well as the first modern novel.
It is assumed that Miguel de Cervantes was born in Alcalá de Henares. Spanish writer Miguel de Cervantes created one of the world's greatest literary masterpieces, 'Don Quixote,' in the early s.
Synopsis Miguel de Cervantes was born near Madrid in