In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: The result of the procedure would be a human being in its own right.
Perfection of techniques to create clonal human embryos would make it more difficult to prevent the births of human clones.
If clonal embryos free of reprogramming errors can be created, establishing pregnancies is likely to be a trivial procedure.
Without a system of strict public oversight and control, some of the clonal embryos created in laboratories are likely to wind up being used for reproductive purposes.
Perfection of cloning techniques would open the door to even more powerful technologies of human genetic modification. Proposals for commercially practicable inheritable genetic modification "designer babies" call for the use of cloning techniques to create embryos using stem cell nuclei that have been previously genetically modified.
Cloning requires the use of women's eggs, typically ten or more for each attempt. Egg retrieval is a complicated procedure, involving courses of hormone treatments and significant risks for the woman. Large scale research cloning could generate a market for women's eggs that could easily lead to exploitation.
Proposed therapeutic uses of cloning techniques would entail many millions of women's eggs a year, a quantity that seems prohibitively large. Any treatments that rely upon cloning techniques would be very expensive, and likely unaffordable to large majorities of people.
Rebuttals to Reasons for Concern about Research Cloning 1. We can pass strong laws making reproductive cloning illegal without banning research cloning. Technical information about the production of cloned human embryos could not and should not be suppressed.
If society wishes to ban inheritable genetic modification it can and should do so. As long women give informed consent and are fairly compensated, markets in human eggs should not be seen as a bad thing.
Access to affordable healthcare is a general social issue, not specific to research cloning. Reasons to Support Research Cloning 1. Cloned embryos are said to be needed for research on embryonic stem cells that promise to revolutionize medicine.
Scientists believe that embryonic stem cell research will lead to cures for many diseases and will provide tissues and organs for transplant and treatment of degenerative conditions. Research cloning will be necessary in order to produce compatible tissues and organs for patients being treated with stem cell therapies.
In order to overcome the immune rejection problems associated with organ and tissue transplants, stem cells would have to be obtained from embryos produced from a patient's own cells, by means of research cloning.
Restrictions on research cloning could postpone therapies beneficial to millions of people. We cannot allow delays in the development of techniques that could save lives or prevent suffering.
Restricting any sort of medical research is unacceptable. In a free society, people have the right to pursue any scientific-and especially medical-investigation.Reproductive Cloning Arguments Pro and Con Cloning is a form of asexual reproduction.
A child produced by cloning would be the genetic duplicate of an existing person. Another scientific argument is that genetic diversity helps provide the "pool" of variations available for a robust human population.
It is commonly known that inbreeding animals constantly can result in reduced variations and an increased risk of genetic defects. This is an attempt to explore the pros and cons of human cloning and to provide enough information of both sides of the arguments in order for the reader to make their own informed decision on whether human cloning is ethical or not.
This is an attempt to explore the pros and cons of human cloning and to provide enough information of both sides of the arguments in order for the reader to make their own informed decision on whether human cloning is ethical or not.
Reasons For and Against Human Cloning Recently, the controversy around human cloning has received a lot of news coverage; yet unsurprisingly, a clear and thorough examination of both sides has been lacking from the news media.
Basically, human cloning is . QUESTION: What are some arguments against cloning? ANSWER: There are plenty of arguments against cloning - especially against cloning humans - ranging from scientific issues, to the practicality of cloning, to religious objections.