An overview of romania

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An overview of romania

Pagan sanctuaries at Sarmizegetusa Regiathe former capital of the Dacian Kingdomnow part of Hunedoara County Roman soldiers fighting Dacians, depiction based on a bas-relief from the Arch of Constantine in Rome The territorial extent of the Kingdom of Dacia in 82 B.

Prior to the Roman conquest of Dacia, the territories between the Danube and Dniester rivers were inhabited by various Thracian peoplesincluding the Dacians and the Getae.

The Roman rule lasted for years. During this period the province was fully integrated into the Roman Empire, and a sizeable part of the population were newcomers from other provinces.

An overview of romania to followers of the continuity theorythe intense Romanization gave birth to the Proto-Romanian language. Roman troops pulled out of Dacia around AD.

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In the Middle AgesRomanians lived in three principalities: Moldova and in Transylvania. By contrast, Moldavia, Wallachia, and Transylvania, while under Ottoman suzeraintypreserved partial or full internal autonomy until the midth century Transylvania until [51].

This period featured several prominent rulers such as: During the period of the Austro-Hungarian rule in Transylvania and of Ottoman suzerainty over Wallachia and Moldavia, most Romanians were given few rights [55] in a territory where they formed the majority of the population. The flag adopted for Wallachia by the revolutionaries was a blue-yellow-red horizontal tricolour with blue above, in line with the meaning "Liberty, Justice, Fraternity"[58] while Romanian students in Paris hailed the new government with the same flag "as a symbol of union between Moldavians and Wallachians".

Hungarian-speaking minorities are marked in yellow and Germans in pink. A British map showing territories with majority Romanian populations marked in black. Romania remained neutral for the first two years of World War I. Following the secret Treaty of Bucharestaccording to which Romania would acquire territories with a majority of Romanian population from Austria-Hungaryit joined the Entente Powers and declared war on 27 August Romania was occupied and a harsh peace treaty was signed in May In November, Romania reentered the conflict.

Total military and civilian losses from towithin contemporary borders, were estimated atWith oil production of 7. Of these territories, only Northern Transylvania was regained.

During World War II, Romania tried again to remain neutral, but on 28 Juneit received a Soviet ultimatum with an implied threat of invasion in the event of non-compliance. As a result of it the Romanian government and the army were forced to retreat from Bessarabia as well as from northern Bukovina in order to avoid war with the Soviet Union.

Thereafter, southern Dobruja was ceded to Bulgaria, while Hungary received Northern Transylvania as result of an Axis powers' arbitration.

Due to its role as a major supplier of oil to the AxisRomania was a prime target of Allied strategic bombing in and The Antonescu fascist regime played a major role in The Holocaust in Romania[83] and copied the Nazi policies of oppression and genocide of Jews and Romamainly in the Eastern territories reoccupied by the Romanians from the Soviet Union.

In total betweenandJews in Romania including Bessarabia, Bukovina and the Transnistria Governorate were killed during the war [84] [85] and at least 11, Romanian Gypsies "Roma" were also killed. Antonescu was convicted of war crimes and executed on 1 June Growing discontent among the population eventually peaked in August with King Michael's Coupand the country switched sides to join the Allies.

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It is estimated that the coup shortened the war by as much as six months. In he and others forced King Michael I to abdicate and leave the country, and proclaimed Romania a people's republic. During this period, Romania's vast natural resources were continuously drained by mixed Soviet-Romanian companies SovRoms set up for unilateral exploitative purposes.

During this period the regime launched several campaigns of purges in which numerous " enemies of the state " and "parasite elements" were targeted for different forms of punishment, such as deportation, internal exile, and internment in forced labour camps and prisons, sometimes for life, as well as extrajudicial killing.Romania (/ r oʊ ˈ m eɪ n i ə / () ro-MAY-nee-ə; Romanian: România [r o m ɨ ˈ n i.

a] ()) is a country located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern borders the Black Sea to the southeast, Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, and Moldova to the east.

It has a predominantly temperate-continental climate.

An overview of romania

Romania, country of southeastern Europe. The national capital is Bucharest. Romania was occupied by Soviet troops in and became a satellite of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.) in The country was under communist rule from until The Mercedes-Benz Museum portrays the more than year history of the automobile industry, from the very first day on.

Filling nine floors and a surface area of 16, square metres, visitors can admire vehicles and a total of more than exhibits.

Romania is beautiful in its complexity: with its numerous natural beauties of an exceptional richness, divers views and a cultural patrimony without equivalent, the country offers a never ending pool of attractions and welcomes anyone with friendship and joy.

Vlad the Impaler stated his claim to Bucharest in His citadel on the Dambovita was the first of flotillas of palaces, many of which still stand.

Four subway lines and a modern bus network transport visitors and commuters. Nicknamed "Little Paris", Bucharest's elegant early 20th-century. Romania held parliamentary elections in December A governing coalition composed of the Social Democratic Party (PSD) and the Liberal-Democratic Alliance (ALDE) appointed a cabinet on January 29, , following the resignation of a short-lived cabinet that governed from June to January

History of Bucharest, Overview of Romania