These people and cultures are called Native Americans. This page is an overview of Native Americans who lived in the United States. More details can be found in the links at the bottom of the page.
Puebloan culture[ edit ] Ancestral Puebloan culture: They lived in a range of structures that included small family pit houses, larger clan type structures, grand pueblosand cliff sited dwellings. The Ancestral Puebloans possessed a complex network that stretched across the Colorado Plateau linking hundreds of communities and population centers.
The culture is perhaps best known for the stone and earth dwellings built along cliff walls, particularly during the Pueblo II and Pueblo III eras. The concrete staircase follows the approximate course of the ancient wooden stairs.
An artistic recreation of The Kincaid Site from the prehistoric Mississippian culture as it may have looked at its peak — CE. Mississippian culture[ edit ] Mississippian culture: The Mississippian culture which extended throughout the Ohio and Mississippi valleys and built sites throughout the Southeast, created the largest earthworks in North America north of Mexico, most notably at Cahokiaon a tributary of the Mississippi River in present-day Illinois.
Cahokia was a major regional chiefdomwith trade and tributary chiefdoms located in a range of areas from bordering the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico. Kincaid Mounds has been notable for both its significant role in native North American prehistory and for the central role the site has played in the development of modern archaeological techniques.
The site had at least 11 substructure platform mounds ranking fifth for mound-culture pyramids. Artifacts from the settlement link its major habitation and the construction of the mounds to the Mississippian period, but it was also occupied earlier during the Woodland period.
The Mississippian culture developed the Southeastern Ceremonial Complexthe name which archeologists have given to the regional stylistic similarity of artifactsiconographyceremonies and mythology. Cahokian pottery was espically fine, with smooth surfaces, very thin walls and distinctive tempering, slips and coloring.
Most scholars reject suggestions that the Iroquois model made a major contribution to the creation of the new United States government.
A few colonists did glance at Iroquois practices but none of them were adopted. The Iroquois system of affiliation was a kind of federation, quite unlike the strong, centralized European monarchies.
The Oneida and Mohawk people had nine seats each; the Onondagas held fourteen; the Cayuga had ten seats; and the Seneca had eight. Representation was not based on population numbers, as the Seneca tribe greatly outnumbered the others. When a sachem chief died, his successor was chosen by the senior woman of his tribe in consultation with other female members of the clan; property and hereditary leadership were passed matrilineally.
Decisions were not made through voting but through consensus decision making, with each sachem chief holding theoretical veto power. The Onondaga were the " firekeepers ", responsible for raising topics to be discussed.
They occupied one side of a three-sided fire the Mohawk and Seneca sat on one side of the fire, the Oneida and Cayuga sat on the third side.
Native Americans The first evidence showing indigenous people to inhabit North America indicates that they migrated there from Siberia over 11, years ago. History Pockets: Native Americans, Grades [Evan Moor] on monstermanfilm.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. History Pockets-Native Americans, Grades 13, contains nine memorable discovery pockets. The introduction pocket gives an overview of the tribes in North America that are featured. The other pockets focus on food. Native America › Native Americans adapted their way of life depending on the environment they lived in. Many were hunter-gatherers, others were farmers, and some were hunters.
For example, it is based on inherited rather than elected leadership, selected by female members of the tribes, consensus decision-making regardless of population size of the tribes, and a single group capable of bringing matters before the legislative body.
The Iroquois invaded and attacked tribes in the Ohio River area of present-day Kentucky and claimed the hunting grounds. By the midth century, they had resettled in their historical lands in present-day KansasNebraskaArkansas and Oklahoma.Many Native Americans and advocates of Native American rights believe that it is condescending for such lands to be considered "held in trust" and regulated in any fashion by other than their own tribes, whether the U.S.
or Canadian governments, or any other non-Native American authority.
Back to History for Kids. People lived in the United States long before the arrival of Christopher Columbus and the Europeans. These people and cultures are called Native Americans.
This page is an overview of Native Americans who lived in the United States. Dec 04, · According to the U.S. Census Bureau, there are about million Native Americans and Alaska Natives in the United States today. That’s about .
History of the Native Americans Very few subjects in American history are as full of contradictions, fantasy and misplaced nostalgia as that of the Native American. I have spent a significant portion of my adult years researching tribes and their associated culture and history.
Native American History. Many have been taught to think of Columbus's journey as the discovery of an uncharted territory, but a rich society existed in North America long before European settlers arrived.
Numerous atrocities against Native Americans span the hundreds of years from the first arrival of European explorers to the modern era under a wide range of circumstances. Today there are over Native American tribes in the United States, each with a distinct culture, way of life and history.