Privatisation has become a popular measure for solving the organizational problems of governments by reducing the role of the state and encouraging the growth of the private sector enterprises.
Remittances from the Kosovo diaspora accounted for an estimated 14 percent of GDP, little changed over the previous decade. The private sector which has emerged since is mainly small-scale. The industrial sector remains weak.
Consequently, Kosovo is highly dependent on remittances from the diaspora the majority of these from Germany and Switzerlandforeign direct investment of which a high proportion also comes from the diaspora, and other capital inflows.
However, Kosovo has very low levels of general government debt only 5. Under applicable Kosovo law, there are also substantial assets from privatisation of socially-owned enterprises, also invested abroad by the Central Bank, which should mostly accrue to the Government when liquidation processes have been completed.
Moreover, the banking system in Kosovo seems very sound. The United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo introduced an external trade office and customs administration on September 3,when it established border controls in Kosovo.
Interim Administratin and Kosovo institutions have signed free-trade agreements with Croatia Bosnia and Herzegovina Albania  and the Republic of Macedonia. This means that Privatization in banks has no levers of monetary policy over its economy, and must rely on a conservative fiscal policy to provide the means to respond to external shocks.
The dispute over Kosovo's international status, and the interpretation which some non-recognising states place on symbols which may or may not imply sovereignty, continues to impose economic costs on Kosovo.
Examples include flight diversions because of a Serbian ban on flights to Kosovo over its territory; loss of revenues because of a lack of a regional dialling code end-user fees on fixed lines accrue to Serbian Telecoms, while Kosovo has to pay Monaco and Slovenia for use of their regional codes for mobile phone connections ; no IBAN code for bank transfers; and no regional Kosovo code for the internet.
A major deterrent to foreign manufacturing investment in Kosovo was removed in when the European Council accepted a Convention allowing Kosovo to be accepted as part of its rules for diagonal cumulative origination, allowing the label of Kosovo origination to goods which have been processed there but originated in a country elsewhere in the Convention.
Since the European Commission has compiled a yearly progress report on Kosovo, evaluating its political and economic situation. Foreign direct investment[ edit ] Main article: Foreign direct investment in Kosovo is still a relatively small contribution to the Kosovo economy, compared with other transition economies.
Much of the reason is, apart from a late start inbecause of legal and political uncertainties, and an incomplete, contested, and very slow system of privatisation before the declaration of independence in Thus Kosovo still retains a state-owned telecommunications company, a state-owned electricity monopoly with the largest lignite reserves in Europeand a ski-resort in Brezovica a Serb-majority area which was the Winter Olympics reserve site during the Sarajevo Winter Olympics.
All of these are now under the process of privatisation. Other infrastructure companies water, railways may also be privatised. While there remain significant disincentives to investment in Kosovo a small domestic market, residual political uncertainty, perceptions of corruption, and a slow and uncertain judicicial systemthere are also incentives.
These include a much younger workforce than elsewhere in south-eastern Europe, which has been more exposed to Western European culture and has higher linguistic standards see next paragraph ; a low corporate tax-rate; access to the European Union and Central European Free Trade Agreement markets; and a government with low debt and low contingent liabilities in terms of pension and other social welfare transfers.
Information and communications technology in Kosovo has also developed very rapidly and broadband internet penetration is comparable to the European Union average.
Labor law[ edit ] Maternal and Paternal Leave A lack of female employment opportunities in Kosovo perpetuates a traditional society in which many women remain in the home.
Firms are not permitted to terminate the employment of employees taking maternity leave.
Upon the birth or adoption of a child, a father receives three days of paid leave. After informing an employer ten days in advance of his intent to do so, a father may take two weeks of unpaid leave upon the adoption or birth of a child, until the child reaches the age of three.
In the event that a woman dies while on a maternity leave, the father of her child is eligible to receive the benefits of maternity leave. Surveys conducted amongst women seeking employment in Kosovo have found that certain employers require potential female employees to take pregnancy tests upon receiving their applications for employment.
If standard prenatal checkups must occur during working hours, pregnant employees have the right to be absent from work without any loss of pay. The contract details the role that each party is to play within the employment relationship. Should the employee fail to improve after receiving a warning, termination of employment will occur before the date originally stipulated within the contract signed by both parties.
|Economy of Hungary - Wikipedia||Preth century[ edit ] The history of privatization dates from Ancient Greecewhen governments contracted out almost everything to the private sector.|
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|Transfer of Development Rights paper||Fourteen banks, which were private, were nationalized in with the intention expanding banking services from the tier I cities to the remotest villages of the country.|
|Money: Personal finance news, advice & information||What Privatization Does to Prison Food The meals served to prisoners have been a catalyst for riots throughout history. Prison advocates and workers say outsourcing the kitchens to companies only makes them worse.|
A highway connecting Kosovo with Albania and Serbia is currently nearing completion, and offers an alternative from the European Union to the routes through Serbia or Montenegro which are less developed. Construction of a highway to the Macedonian border is now planned. It covers the entire territory, connecting both the south with the north and east with west.
However, there is currently no functioning interconnection with the Serbian rail network, although there is interconnection with the Macedonian network. Air transportation Pristina International Airport Adem Jashari is, with over one million passengers per year, one of the most frequented airports of the region,  despite the fact that Serbia does not permit overflying of its territory by aeroplanes flying to or from Kosovo.
KEK is currently the sole power corporation in the Republic of Kosovo. Kosovo Energy Corporation is currently the sole power corporation in the Republic of Kosovo. It is vertically integrated and was legally incorporated at the end of It relies on extensive lignite deposits - In Yugoslav times, Kosovo was a net exporter of electricity.Simultaneously banks were encouraged to go for mergers as in the case with Times Bank Ltd with HDFC bank and Bank of Madura Ltd with ICICI Bank Ltd.
The new privatisation policy also led to a large-scale reduction in the staff strength PSU banks. Comments. Brother Nathanael November 10, @ pm. Please Help This Site and The Brother Nathanael Foundation PAY for a Nativity Scene to . The current Social Security program will become insolvent by , so a better system is urgently required.
Due to an aging population and lower birthrate, the ratio of workers to retirees is shrinking, thereby reducing the funds available for future retirees.
job opportunities raise after privatization which leads to increase in staff from 2,20, to 9,65, of credit misallocation, public sector banks may be a bigger threat to stability than private banks/5(3).
Feb 01, · The meals served to prisoners have been a catalyst for riots throughout history. Prison advocates and workers say outsourcing the kitchens to companies only makes them worse.
The Economy of Kosovo is a transition economy. Kosovo was the poorest province of the former Yugoslavia with a modern economy established only after a series of federal development subsidies in s and s.
During the s abolition of province's autonomous institutions followed by poor economic policies, international sanctions, little access to external trade and finance, and ethnic.