Transcript This is a rush transcript. Copy may not be in its final form. A hundred years ago today, civil rights pioneer Rosa Parks was born.
Rosa was in poor health as a child, suffering from chronic tonsillitis, and when her parents split up she went with her mother to Pine Level, a town near Montgomery, Alabama. She lived with her mother and brother on her grandparents farm and attended school until she was forced to drop out to take care of her grandmother, and later her mother, when they became ill.
She was confronted by racism very early as she attended a segregated school and was forced to walk to it, while white students were driven to their school on a bus. She viewed these incidents as simply a way of life in the South.
She was impressed that he stood up for himself and was not intimidated by white people. He was very involved in working to free the Scottsboro Boys, a group of young Black men falsely accused of raping two white women. During this time, she also worked briefly at Maxwell Air Force Base, which, by Federal mandate, was integrated.
This was her introduction to integration and it had an enormous impact on her. On December 1,Rosa was working as a seamstress for a local Montgomery department store.
When she got off of work she boarded the number Cleveland Avenue bus around 6: The buses, as well as most everything in Montgomery at that time, were segregated.
An ordinance had been passed back in which segregated bus passengers by race. There was a white section the first four rows and a colored section, designated by a sign which could be move forward or backward by the bus driver, depending on how many whites were riding at that moment.
This was contrary to the official ordinance which did not require anyone to give up their seat but over the years it became an unwritten rule carried out by the drivers.
Additionally, if the white section was full, Blacks were required to pay at the front of the bus, but then to exit and go around to the rear door to re-enter the bus. The driver of the bus that day was a man named James Blake.
Rosa had had an incident with Blake 12 years earlier. In she had paid her fare and walked directly to her seat. Blake reminded her of the rules and forced her to get off of the bus and told her to re-enter the rear door.
Now, twelve years later, when Parks entered the bus, the white section was already filled. Parks said that she did not intend on getting arrested that day, nor was she too tired to stand up.
I was not tired physically, or no more tired than I usually was at the end of a working day. I was not old, although some people have an image of me as being old then. No, the only tired I was, was tired of giving in. Sixteen year old Claudette Colvin was arrested on March 2, and 18 year old Mary Louise Smith was arrested on October 21,both for refusing to give up their seats both were fined.
She was 42 years old, employed, happily married, quiet and well-mannered. Because she was so deeply involved with the NAACP, she knew that a challenge to segregation in Montgomery could have profound affects across the nation Colvin had been considered as a candidate, but she was a teenager and was pregnant.
Over the weekend, several churches and organizations discussed boycotting the bus line on their day of her trial.
If you work, take a cab, or walk.
Please stay off the buses Monday. In the meantime, the bus boycott was a huge success. Many carpooled, some took cab rides cab drivers charged the same fare as the bus that day and others simply walked through the rain.
On January 30,Dr. His wife and children were inside the home but were unarmed. He appealed the conviction but spent two weeks in jail. It was the crime of joining my people in a nonviolent protest against injustice.
Initially the cars used were that of private citizens but eventually the MIA purchased a fleet of station wagons, putting the ownership in the name of Black churches. Drivers were hired and drove passengers on predetermined routes. The injunction was granted on November 13, All guests entering the National Civil Rights Museum are subject to a screening process.
Follow the accomplishments of civil rights activist Rosa Parks, and learn how her refusal to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus helped end public segregation, at monstermanfilm.com author of The Rebellious Life of Mrs. Rosa monstermanfilm.com is a professor of political science at Brooklyn College and has written extensively about the civil rights and Black Power movements. Rosa Parks, née Rosa Louise McCauley, (born February 4, , Tuskegee, Alabama, U.S.—died October 24, , Detroit, Michigan), African American civil rights activist whose refusal to relinquish her seat on a public bus to a white man precipitated the –56 Montgomery bus boycott in Alabama, which is recognized as the spark that ignited the U.S. civil rights movement.
The National Civil Rights Museum reserves the right to inspect all guest’s packages, purses, backpacks, fanny packs and other bags prior to entering the museum. The Impossible Will Take a Little While Soul of a Citizen Lectures Buy Loeb's Books Pass the Word Receive Loeb's Articles by email About Paul Loeb · Paul Loeb's Other Books · Paul Loeb Bio · Paul Loeb's Web Links THE REAL ROSA PARKS.
Is Doctor Who series 11 going to feature Civil Rights activist Rosa Parks? Jodie Whittaker's Doctor might be about to meet the "first lady of civil rights". Visit monstermanfilm.com and learn about civil rights activist Claudette Colvin who refused to bow to bus segregation laws months before Rosa Parks' protest.
The civil rights movement (also known as the African-American civil rights movement, American civil rights movement and other terms) in the United States was a decades-long movement with the goal of enforcing constitutional and legal rights for African Americans that other Americans already enjoyed.
With roots starting in the Reconstruction era during the late 19th century, the movement. Rosa Parks The Story of Rosa Parks. Many historians date one of the major sparks of the American civil rights movement to a single event that took place on December 1,