Divided into the Province of North-Carolina and Province of South Carolina ineach became a crown colony in Province of Georgiaproprietary colony establishedcrown colony from
Published March 16, Overview This guide investigates how "the South" has been an ideological and experiential focus for the development of distinctive religious forms and how some of the forms of religion identified with the South—evangelicalism, fundamentalism, pentecostalism—have dispersed throughout the nation.
Photograph by Flickr user Gerry Dincher. Religion has been a formative experience for those living in the US South. It was not a matter of whether Faulkner or other southerners were necessarily believers themselves, but it was a tangible part of the landscape of places where many people were passionate and open about their faith.
By Faulkner's time, evangelical Protestantism had already long dominated the South as a whole, and this proselytizing religious tradition believed in publicly testifying about the faith by whatever means necessary, making its public presence especially widespread. Historian John Lee Eighmy coined the phrase " cultural captivity " to suggest that the South's predominant churches reflected a culture of " southernism " shaped by economic and racial elites, but at the same time, churches themselves shaped the institutional and personal development of the South and its people.
Eighmy, Often theologically and socially conservative, religion in the South also provided the rationale and organization for progressive reform. Religion advanced the cause of slavery, yet it also inspired slave rebellion. Religion comforts and sustains suffering people, and a South of slavery, Civil War, poverty, racial discrimination, economic exploitation, ill health, and illiteracy surely needed that crucial support.
As the South went through the slow and sometimes agonizing process of modernizing, religion provided justification for the wealthy to profit from economic development, but it also gave meaning to those bearing the burdens of economic change without proper recompense.
Throughout such changes, religious organizations remained central institutions of southern life. Bishops of the African Methodist Episcopal Churchca. Lithograph of Richard Allen and other A. E bishops by J. A consideration of the regional contexts of religion in the South directs attention to the geographic, environmental, demographic, economic, social, and cultural factors of religious development.
Spatial and social places mattered. Commonalities existed across social barriers but experiences varied depending on whether you were a Mississippi Delta man or an Upcountry woman, black or white, rich or poor, Southern Baptist or African Methodist EpiscopalEpiscopalian or Pentecostal.
From early settlement, religious forms adapted to a stratifying social reality but also enabled southerners to give voice to yearnings that transcended hierarchies. Time, as well as place, mattered in understanding southern religion. Religion in the colonial period was considerably different from that inand subsequent generations experienced dramatic social changes that would affect religion.
Evangelicalism came to dominate the religious life of southerners, in ways distinctive to the nation.
Although embodied in a myriad of denominational forms, evangelical Protestantism has served as an unofficially established religious tradition, powerful in worldly resources, institutional reach, moral authority, and cultural hegemony.
Demographics was as fundamental as place and time in creating a regional religion in the US South. Indigenous peoples had their own religious systems that the coming of European Christianity disrupted, but the Native American presence left a spiritual legacy.
More tangible influences of spirit-related health practices and site-related sacred spaces linger from this earliest time of Native American habitation. As the South became a predominantly biracial society in the nineteenth century, the coming together of the religions of western Europe and western Africa provided the essential background for the later development of religion in the South.
European theology, liturgy, and morality would come to predominate, but not without considerable imprint from African spirituality.Logging, shipbuilding, textiles production, and papermaking were also important in the Middle Colonies.
Big cities such as Philadelphia and New York were major shipping hubs, and craftsmen such as blacksmiths, silversmiths, cobblers, wheelwrights, wigmakers, milliners, and others contributed to the economies of such cities. Racial/ethnic differences in wealth are considerably larger than those in income, and focusing only on income understates the racial/ethnic disparities in economic status.
For example, in , the median wealth (net worth) of White households, $49 , was almost 7 times that of Black ($) and Hispanic ($) households. 36 These.
The ethnicity in the Southern Colonies was made up of Africans, Native Americans, and British colonists, the ethnicity of the New England colonies were British colonists and a few African slaves, the ethnicity of the Middle colonies was very diverse it ranged from Dutch to Scotch-Irish. What were the social ethnic and economic difference among the southern, middle, and new England colonies?
South: revolved around crop trading and slavery. Social lives involved hunting, gambling, fishing, and trading. The Middle Colonies consisted of the present-day states of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware and were characterized by a large degree of diversity—religious, political, economic, and .
In fact most of the slave ships were owned by merchants in New England and were a big part of the Triangle Trade at this time between New England, South Africa and the .